How does a stent work GCSE?

How does a stent work GCSE?

Stents. Coronary arteries that are blocked or have become narrow can be stretched open and have a stent inserted to restore and maintain blood flow. The stent is inserted into a coronary artery in a catheter . Stents can be used in instances where drugs are less effective, and offer a longer term solution.

How does a stent work?

A stent is a tiny, expandable metal mesh coil. It is put into the newly opened area of the artery to help keep the artery from narrowing or closing again. Once the stent has been placed, tissue will start to coat the stent like a layer of skin.

How does a stent travel to the heart?

To place the stent, a small sheath, plastic tube, is placed in the groin or wrist artery. A catheter is guided through the artery into the part of the coronary artery that is blocked. The stent is inserted along with a balloon catheter and expands when the balloon is inflated.

Why does a stent help prevent a heart attack?

What do stents do? These tiny but vital devices can hold the artery open in an area where you have a narrowing. They are inserted in an angioplasty procedure, either as an emergency to treat a heart attack, or in a planned way to widen an artery that is being narrowed by a build-up of fatty plaque.

How does the heart work BBC Bitesize GCSE?

The heart is a muscular organ. Its function is to pump blood. The right side pumps blood through the pulmonary circuit , while the left side pumps blood through the systemic circuit .

Do stents work?

Stents are proven to reduce chest pain and damage to the heart muscle during a heart attack and/or in severely ill patients. A recent study published in The Lancet has cast shadows of doubt on the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), also known as angioplasty or stenting.

How do stents stay in place?

The stent, which is collapsed around a balloon at the tip of the catheter, is guided through the artery to the blockage. At the blockage, the balloon is inflated and the spring-like stent expands and locks into place inside the artery.

Do heart stents work?

What are the advantages of stents?

It can substantially improve your blood flow and prevent further damage to your heart muscle. It can also improve symptoms of heart disease, such as chest pain (angina) and shortness of breath. In many cases, you will feel the benefits immediately.

How does the heart work GCSE AQA?

Blood from the pulmonary veins enters the left atrium. The atria fill, followed by the ventricles . Blood is prevented from flowing back into the atria by heart valves. Blood leaves the heart in the body’s main artery – the aorta – from the left side, and the pulmonary artery , from the right.

How do stents expand?

The stent expands when the balloon is inflated, locks into place, and forms a permanent scaffold to hold the artery open after the balloon is deflated and removed.

How does a stent move?

One concern shared by many patients is if the stent will be able to move around in the arteries once it has been inserted. In short, the answer is no. Once a stent is opened in an artery, the tissue cells of the artery wall begin to grow over the stent. The stent becomes a part of the artery wall and cannot move.

Can stents fall out?

Occasionally a stent may develop a crystal coating on its surface although this is not a significant problem Very occasionally a stent may get displaced, usually slipping towards the bladder, and may even fall out. If this happens, you should contact the hospital or your GP.

Do stents always work?

Stents are made to be permanent and will continue to keep your artery open once they’ve been placed. However, stents don’t cure the underlying condition that caused the buildup in your artery (atherosclerosis). You’ll still need treatment to prevent future artery narrowing.

How are stents produced?

Stents can be manufactured by braiding or knitting thin metal wires. This is commonly done on a metal caliper called a mandrel. Several materials can be used for the wires; common ones are nitinol and platinum-cored nitinol.

What are stents and how do they work?

Stents are tiny mesh devices made of wire that doctors insert in narrowed heart arteries to prop them open. Stents can restore strong blood flow to the heart. For stent makers, it’s become a big business. Each year, half a million people get stents inserted to relieve chest pain or angina. What is angina?

How do cardiologists place a stent?

During the procedure, your cardiologist will place the stent over a thin, long tube with a balloon tip called a catheter and insert it into an artery in your groin or arm. Once the stent reaches the clogged artery, your doctor will inflate the balloon to expand the stent.

What happens to a stent over time?

Over time, the inner lining of the artery will grow over the surface of the stent, making it a permanent part of your artery. Bare-metal stents are tiny wire mesh tubes that help widen a clogged artery, but are not coated with a polymer or drugs to help prevent re-blockage of the artery.

What are carotid stents used for?

They can also be used in the legs (to treat peripheral arterial disease) and occasionally in the neck (if you have a narrowing of the carotid artery that supplies your brain) or the renal arteries, which supply the kidneys. What do stents look like? Stents are cylindrical in shape, and they are made from a very fine metal mesh.