Is there a VEI 9 eruption possible?

Is there a VEI 9 eruption possible?

It is possible that evidence for a VEI 9 eruption exists and is buried in the geologic record. Eruptions that large would be very rare events, but it is impossible to say that eruptions that large have never occurred.

Was there ever a VEI 8 eruption?

Yellowstone The most recent example of a super volcano eruption is the eruption of Taupo on New Zealand. It erupted about 26,500 years ago and produced 1170 cubic kilometers of tephra in a VEI 8 eruption. About 75,000 years ago, the eruption of Toba on Sumatra destroyed almost the entire human race.

What are the 5 deadliest volcanic eruptions in history?

The Top Ten: Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions

  • Tambora, Indonesia. 1815. 92,000.
  • Krakatau, Indonesia. 1883. 36,417.
  • Mount Pelee, Martinique. 1902. 29,025.
  • Ruiz, Colombia. 1985. 25,000.
  • Unzen, Japan. 1792. 14,300.
  • Laki, Iceland. 1783. 9,350.
  • Kelut, Indonesia. 1919. 5,110.
  • Galunggung, Indonesia. 1882. 4,011.

What was the worst volcanic eruption in Earth’s history?

explosion of Mount Tambora
The explosion of Mount Tambora is the largest ever recorded by humans, ranking a 7 (or “super-colossal”) on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, the second-highest rating in the index.

What VEI was Mount St. Helens?

The May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens rated a VEI of 5, but just barely; its lateral blast was powerful, but its output of magma was rather small. The VEI has been determined for more than 5,000 eruptions in the last 10,000 years.

Is there a volcano bigger than Yellowstone?

Nestled in the San Juan Mountains, there is ample evidence of one of the largest known volcanic eruptions on the planet: a caldera 22 miles wide and 62 miles long. It’s called the La Garita Caldera, and it rivals the Toba eruption in Indonesia and all Yellowstone eruptions.

Did Mt. St. Helens cause a tsunami?

The top of Mount St. Helens plowed into Spirit Lake, throwing water 860 feet above lake level, a great inland tsunami. A ground-hugging hot surge sped across valleys and ridges, killing dozens of people and nearly all other life as it leveled 234 square miles of forest.

Does Mt. St. Helens still smoke?

Every few minutes, Mt. St. Helens sends up a plume of noxious smoke, a reminder that this is no dormant volcano. It can come out of the main crater or one of the side craters, including a small spire that appears to be the new (as of 1980) peak.

Can Yellowstone end the world?

If Yellowstone’s volcano erupted, it would be catastrophic. The eruption would shoot a tower of ash into the air, taller than Mount Everest, covering nearby cities in over a meter of ash and creating giant clouds that would block the sun for decades.

Is the Ontakesan volcano still active?

JMA reported that activity at Ontakesan continued to decline during 26 June-3 July, although the volcano continued to be seismically active and emit white plumes to less than 1 km high. The Alert Level was lowered to 2 (on a scale of 1-5).

How often does Ontakesan erupt?

Historically, activity at Ontakesan has consisted mainly of phreatic explosions every several hundred years. However, recent research cited in JMA (date unknown) indicates that over the past 10,000 years, four magmatic eruptions have also occurred.

How many people died in the Ontakesan volcanic eruption in 2014?

Eruptions: (a) March 2007 and (b) 27 September 2014 (~60 deaths and ~70 injured) This Bulletin report on Ontakesan (Kiso-Ontakesan, Ontake) covers activity from November 2003 to November 2014.

When was the last time Ontakesan erupted?

Although there are no reported records of historical eruptions before 1979, fumarolic activity was noted as ongoing for several hundred years near to Ontakesan’s summit (Jigokudani and Hachotarumi). The period of activity after 1979 represents what appears to be Ontakesan’s most active during the past 250 years (Oikawa, 2008).