What are HIV manifestations?
Possible signs and symptoms include:
- Muscle aches and joint pain.
- Sore throat and painful mouth sores.
- Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck.
- Weight loss.
Which skin manifestation of HIV is likely to present the earliest?
Xerosis may be the initial clinical manifestation of AIDS and is often a cause of pruritus. In the United States, pruritus has been reported in 4.5% of patients with AIDS. Seborrheic dermatitis may be the initial cutaneous manifestation of HIV disease.
What is the first manifestation of HIV?
Fever. What is usually the first sign of HIV for an HIV-positive person? Fever is at the top of the list—it’s one of the most common initial signs of an HIV infection. The fever may be accompanied by other early HIV infection symptoms like fatigue, swollen lymph glands (or lymph nodes), and a sore throat.
Why is it important to recognize skin manifestations of HIV?
• Recognition of skin manifestations is very important due to the following reasons:- – It may serve as the earliest manifestations to suspect a case of HIV infection. – Skin disorders may be cosmetically disfiguring, and as such, virtually destroy individuals quality of life.
What is the treatment modality of skin diseases in HIV-positive patients?
In most cases, treatment modality of skin diseases in HIV-positive patients is similar to that in HIV-negative ones. However, prolonged high-dose systemic steroid should be used with caution because of the immunosuppressive effects.
How common are skin diseases among HIV-infected persons?
Up to 90% of HIV-infected persons suffer from skin diseases during their course of illness. 1 In a local cross-sectional study of 186 HIV positive patients, 175 (94%) suffered from one or more cutaneous disorders. 2 The most common skin disorder identified was fungal infection, followed by eczema and seborrhoeic dermatitis (Box 21.1).
What is the prognosis of facial lipoatrophy in HIV infection?
While the lifespan is prolonged by the use of HAART, many HIV-infected patients are troubled by drug-induced facial lipoatrophy. Not only can there be cosmetic disfigurement, the intense pruritus due to eosinophilic folliculitis may severely impair the patients’ quality-of-life.