What are the factors to be considered while selecting the sewer material?

What are the factors to be considered while selecting the sewer material?

Factors Governing The Selection Of Sewer Pipe Materials

  • Carrying capacity of the pipe.
  • Durability, strength, and life of the sewer pipe.
  • Imperviousness and weight.
  • Resistance to corrosion and abrasion.
  • Type of sewage to be conveyed and its possible corrosive effect on the sewer pipe material.

What is the design of sewage?

The three main components of a sewer system are – sewers, pumping stations and water reclamation centers. Sewers: Sewers are the pipes that carry the wastewaters from various sources to water reclamation centers where they are treated. These sewer pipes are usually made of concrete, PVC, and tilted pipes.

How do you design a water supply project?

Before planning for the water supply project, the following data have to be collected:

  1. 1.1 Hydrological Data.
  2. 1.2 Geological Data.
  3. 1.3 Water Requirement of the City.
  4. 1.4 Existing Water Supply Projects.
  5. 1.5 Sanitary Conditions of the Area.
  6. 1.6 Topography of the Area.
  7. 1.7 Legal Data.
  8. 1.8 Public Opinion.

What is the factors affecting sewer line?

Factors Influencing the Condition of Sewer Pipes: State-of-the-Art Review

Physical factors Environmental factors Operational factors
Pipe shape pH Hydraulic condition
Pipe slope Road type Infiltration/exfiltration
Pipe age Root interference Previous maintenance
Pipe depth Soil corrosivity Sediment level

What are the characteristics of sewage?

Characteristics of sewage

  • Temperature: Temperature of sewage depends upon season. However temperature is slightly higher than that of ground water.
  • Color: Color of sewage indicates its strength and age.
  • Odor: Fresh domestic sewage is almost odorless.
  • Turbidity: Sewage is highly turbid.

How do you design a drainage?

How to Design a Drainage System: 5 Essential Tips

  1. Observe Where the Excess Water Comes From.
  2. Prepare for Your Soil.
  3. Survey Your “Lay of the Land”
  4. Determine Your Drain Layout.
  5. Get an Expert Involved.
  6. Get Your New Drainage System Planned-Out Today!

How much slope does a sewer pipe need?

¼ inch per foot
You probably know that drains need to flow downhill into your sewer. But do you know the proper slope? The ideal slope of any drain line is ¼ inch per foot of pipe. In other words, for every foot the pipe travels horizontally, it should be dropping ¼ inch vertically.

How do you estimate the design flow for a sanitary sewer?

Sewer Design & Design flow in Sanitary Sewer

  1. Forecast the design population (P) of the area;
  2. Find the sewage flow per day by multiplying population with flow per day per capita of sewage.
  3. Select a peaking factor (P.F) to find the peak sewage flow (Note.

What are the design velocities of sewer pipes?

Required velocities at design flow (Q) for sewer pipelines shall be minimum 2 fps and maximum 10 fps. The maximum velocity at design flow allowed in any sewer pipeline is 10 fps.

How do you create a water supply network?

Designing a water supply system involves getting all of these elements right so that clean water is delivered to the user at the appropriate rate and temperature.

  1. Water pressure.
  2. Water flow rate.
  3. Flow rate and pipe size Acceptable Solutions.
  4. System layout.
  5. Backflow.
  6. Mains connection.
  7. Pipe materials and specifications.

How do you create a water distribution network?

Design in Loop Software Design of a looped water distribution network involves selection of an appropriate pipe diameter for every pipe, so that the water can be transported without violating specified hydraulic constraints and the desired minimum pressures maintained at nodes .

What are the shapes and materials used in design of sewers?

Following materials are generally used in the construction of sewer: 1. Bricks 2. Vitrified Clays or Stoneware Pipes 3. Cement Concrete Pipes 4.

What are the important factors for designing the subsurface drainage system?

The need for subsurface drainage sys- tems is related to the water table elevation in the spring, the permeability of the soil and underlying subsoil materials, and the crop requirements. Often at a site, subsurface drainage is complemented by other practices such as surface drainage and erosion control.

What is analysis of sewage?

Sampling and analysis of sewage is done in the treatment units in STPs to find out whether the organic matters are removed as designed. It is also done in locations of sewage discharge to make sure that the discharge standards are satisfied.

What are the 9 wastewater characteristics?

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

  • Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
  • Nitrogen.
  • Phosphorus.
  • Chlorides.
  • Sulfates.
  • Alkalinity.
  • pH.
  • How is sewer slope calculated?

    b) To determine the pipe slope, subtract the two manhole inverts and divide the difference by the pipe distance and multiply by one hundred (100) to obtain the percent grade of the pipe.

    What is the maximum slope of a sewer line?

    The minimum slope for a 12″ sewer is 0.0020. The minimum slope for a 15″ sewer is 0.0015. B. The maximum slope for gravity sewers is 0.15, or 15% per 100′.

    Where can I find criteria specific to water or sewerage network infrastructure?

    Criteria specific to either water or sewerage network infrastructure are contained in sections B and C of the guideline respectively.

    Who is the author of SEQ Water and sewerage design criteria?

    Title SEQ Water and Sewerage Design Criteria Author Chris Adam Created Date 12/2/2020 10:44:14 AM

    What are the modelling and design needs for drinking water systems?

    All modelling and design needs are to be undertaken in a manner which will deliver the objectives of the relevant SEQ-SP’s statutory “Drinking Water Quality Management Plan” as well as Water Quality (clause 2.6 of the SEQ Water Supply Code (as amended)).

    What is the minimum depth of a sewerage pipe?

    Further the minimum depth should be on the criteria of the stress on the pipe due to external load is negligible. The minimum depth of cushion over the top of the sewer should be at least 0.9 m. Pipes laid under roads should have a cushion of 1.20 m over the top of the pipe.