What is AAG network?

What is AAG network?

The Asia-America Gateway (AAG) is a 20,000km and the first submarine cable system linking South East Asia directly with the USA, provides connectivity between Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Hong Kong SAR, Philippines, Guam, Hawaii and the US West Coast .

How many undersea cables are there?

As of late 2021, there are approximately 436 submarine cables in service around the world. The total number of cables is constantly changing as new cables enter service and older cables are decommissioned.

Where are the transatlantic cables?

The cable runs across the Atlantic between Virginia, US and Bilbao, Spain.

What is Bifrost cable system?

Expected to be completed in 2024 and spanning over 15,000 kilometers, the Bifrost Cable System is the world’s first subsea cable system that directly connects Singapore to the west coast of North America via Indonesia through the Java Sea and Celebes Sea.

Why do sharks bite undersea cables?

So why are sharks attracted to undersea data cables? It’s not exactly known. Some believe that because sharks can sense electromagnetic fields through jelly-filled pores on their snouts called ampullae of Lorenzini, perhaps they are attracted by this electrical current and confusing it for food.

Who owns most of the undersea cables?

The submarine cables are collectively owned by telecom partners/ carriers of various nations and at times, internet companies that have helped/funded in installing them. For instance, Facebook is part owner for submarine cables like Asia Pacific Gateway, Pacific Light Cable Network and MAREA.

What is Echo and Bifrost?

Echo and Bifrost be the first transpacific cables through a new diverse route crossing the Java Sea. Connecting Singapore, Indonesia, and North America, these cable investments reflect Facebook’s commitment to openness and our innovative partnership model.

What is echo in a cable system?

Echo’s architecture is designed for maximum resilience, with unique Trans Pacific route to Southeast Asia avoiding crowded, traditional paths to the north. Echo subsea cable system is the first-ever subsea cable to directly connect the U.S. to Singapore with direct fiber pairs over an express route.

Who maintains ocean internet?

The approximately 400 publicly disclosed undersea cable systems (both existing and planned) are mostly owned and operated by telecommunications companies. More recently, however, large Internet companies such as Google, Microsoft, and Facebook have entered this area as well.

Are sharks eating the WIFI?

Human activity causes the vast majority of underwater cable damage. You may have heard this week that Google’s ponying up big money to prevent sharks from gnawing its undersea fibre-optic internet cables.

What causes echoes in a cable?

Signal reflection occurs when a signal is transmitted along a transmission medium, such as a copper cable or an optical fiber. Some of the signal power may be reflected back to its origin rather than being carried all the way along the cable to the far end.

Do submarines get attacked by sharks?

At a depth of 750 metres, a Blue Planet II submarine was shoved by some enormous sixgill sharks. The team were tracking a dead sperm whale that had floated onto the Atlantic Ocean seabed. You can watch Blue Planet II on Sundays at 20:00 GMT on BBC One or you can catch-up on the BBC iPlayer.

Is there a cord under the ocean?

Subsea or submarine cables are fiber optic cables that connect countries across the world via cables laid on the ocean floor. These cables – often thousands of miles in length – are able to transmit huge amounts of data rapidly from one point to another.

How do I cancel echo?

Echo cancellation involves first recognizing the originally transmitted signal that re-appears, with some delay, in the transmitted or received signal. Once the echo is recognized, it can be removed by subtracting it from the transmitted or received signal.

How do you prevent signal reflection?

This is signal reflection can be prevented by adding a termination resistor at the end of the line. The basic rule when choosing a termination resistor is that the value of the resistor must equal the characteristic impedance of the twisted pair cable.

What is AAG cable network?

Similar with other trans-Pacific submarine cable systems, such as TPE, TGN-Pacific and Unity, AAG cable network also forms a linear trans-Pacific route, with different optical fiber pairs in different segments:

Where are the outages in the AAG cable system?

Most of the outages are located at the intra-Asia segments of the AAG cable system, the segment between La Union in the Philippines and the U.S. seems much more stable. So far in this year, there have been three breaks on AAG offshore Vung Tau cable landing station in Vietnam, respectively on March 10, August 6 and August 31.

When will the AAG cable break between La Union and Hong Kong be repaired?

As forecast, the AAG cable break between La Union in the Philippines and Lantau in Hong Kong is expected to be repaired by October 29.