What is an intravenous apparatus?

What is an intravenous apparatus?

Introduction. Peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVC) are the most commonly used intravenous device in hospitalised patients. They are primarily used for therapeutic purposes such as administration of medications, fluids and/or blood products as well as blood sampling.

What equipment do you need for IV?


  • Nonsterile gloves.
  • Tourniquet.
  • Antiseptic solution (2% chlorhexidine in 70% isopropyl alcohol)
  • Local anesthetic solution.
  • 1-mL syringe with a 30-gauge needle.
  • 2 × 2 in. gauze.
  • Venous access device.
  • Vacuum collection tubes and adaptor.

What are the different types of IV’s?

The 4 main types of IV fluids include:

  • Normal Saline.
  • Half Normal Saline.
  • Lactated Ringers.
  • Dextrose.

What are the three types of container in which IV fluids are supplied?

Usually, the transfusion setup is available where blood products are administered. a. Containers. There are three types of fluid container systems in current use, the closed system, the open system, and the plastic bag (see figure 3-1).

What equipment is used for fluid therapy?

INFUSION PUMP – Infusion pumps and syringe drivers are commonly used in hospitals. If available they should always be used since they are highly accurate.

What are the parts of an IV?

IV Tubing Parts, Parts of IV Infusion Set

  • Assembled Vented Spike.
  • Assembled Needle Free Burette W/Drip Chamber.
  • Assembled IV drip chamber w/ vented spike (microdrip adapter)
  • Assembled Vented Spike.
  • Assembled IV Drip Chamber W/ Vented Spike.
  • Assembled Burette W/Drip Chamber.
  • Assembled T Connector.
  • Assembled Roller Clamp.

What is in an IV start kit?

The PCK-1011 IV Start Kit with All in One Peripheral IV Securement includes:

  • 1 each Clik-FIX PCS-1011 Peripheral Securement with Dressing (The Clik-FIX All in One Peripheral IV Securement Device is a catheter securement and bio-occlusive dressing in one device)
  • 2 each 2×2 Gauze.
  • 1 each Chloraprep 1ml applicator.

What is cannula used for?

A cannula, often called a venflon™, is a small flexible plastic tube inserted into a vein. The cannula is to give you medication or fluids that you are unable to take by mouth or that need to enter your blood stream directly. There is a small coloured cap on the outside of the cannula.

What are the two types of IV administration?

The two main methods of IV infusion use either gravity or a pump to send medication into your catheter:

  • Pump infusion. In the United States, a pump infusion is the most common method used.
  • Drip infusion. This method uses gravity to deliver a constant amount of medication over a set period of time.

What equipment is commonly found in IV start kits?

IV start kit- This kit includes a tourniquet , antiseptic (to clean the patient’s skin before starting the IV), gauzes, tape, tegaderm, sticker to label the IV with your initials, date, time, and gauge of IV needle.

What are the three major types of devices used to initiate an IV infusion?

Sterile spike: Connects the tubing into the IV bag. Drip chamber: Used to observe flow of IV fluids and / or to calculate drops per minute. Backcheck valve: Prevents fluid or medication from travelling up the IV.

What is IV cannula?

An IV is a small plastic tube, inserted into a vein, usually in your hand or arm. An IV is a small plastic tube, inserted into a vein, usually in your hand or arm. An IV is used to: provide fluids when you are dehydrated or can’t drink.

What is intravenous cannula?

What is the type of cannula?

There are two main types of cannula: IV cannulas: IV cannulas consist of short, flexible tubing doctors place into a vein. Nasal cannulas: Nasal cannulas consist of flexible tubing that sits inside the nostrils and delivers oxygen.

What Colour is cannula?

Gauge Specifications

Deep Green 18G 76
Pink 20G 54
Deep Blue 22G 31
Yellow 24G 14

What are the colors of cannula?

The cannula colour is Orange. It has a flow rate of 10.3l/hr for blood (240ml/minute), 16.2l/hr for plasma, and 13.5l/hr for crystalloids. The size is 45 mm. Uses Emergency blood transfusion, fluid replacement, surgeries, and trauma cases.

Why saline is given?

Doctors use IV saline to replenish lost fluids, flush wounds, deliver medications, and sustain patients through surgery, dialysis, and chemotherapy. Saline IVs have even found a place outside the hospital, as a trendy hangover remedy. “It has high levels of sodium and chloride, levels that are higher than the blood.

What is the needle called for IV?

A butterfly needle is a device used to draw blood from a vein or deliver intravenous (IV) therapy to a vein. A butterfly needle consists of a very thin needle, two flexible “wings,” a flexible transparent tubing, and a connector.