What is the difference between upstream and downstream processes?

What is the difference between upstream and downstream processes?

Upstream refers to the material inputs needed for production, while downstream is the opposite end, where products get produced and distributed.

What is upstream and downstream dependencies in Scrum?

Example: “We have an upstream dependency on Claire’s project to complete the infrastructure before our project can use it.” A downstream dependency is something your project must deliver before something else can start i.e. someone else is waiting for you to complete tasks before they can begin work.

What is upstream and downstream in kanban?

Upstream Kanban is managed by the delivery team. 2. Downstream Kanban – Downstream Kanban is the part of the value stream that starts from the point of accepting the customer’s request for work to actually delivering the completed work.

What is upstream and downstream example?

Another Example – Personal Computers As noted, upstream and downstream operations exist wherever there is a supply chain that begins with basic materials and ends with finished goods for sale. Therefore, another example of upstream to downstream can be the personal computer industry.

What are upstream processes?

Upstream Processing refers to the first step in which biomolecules are grown, usually by bacterial or mammalian cell lines, in bioreactors. When they reach the desired density (for batch and fed batch cultures) they are harvested and moved to the downstream section of the bioprocess.

What are the 3 types of dependencies?

Types of dependencies in project management

  • Logical dependencies. Also known as causal dependencies.
  • Resource dependencies. This dependency originates from a project constraint as it deals with the availability of shared resources.
  • Preferential dependencies.
  • External dependencies.
  • Cross-team dependencies.

What are upstream activities?

Upstream activities include exploration, drilling, and extraction. Upstream is followed by midstream (transportation of crude oil) and downstream (refining and distribution) phases. Today many large oil companies are integrated, in that they maintain upstream, midstream, and downstream units.

What is an upstream process?

Upstream process is the first step of bioprocess from early cell isolation and cultivation, to cell banking and culture development of the cells until final harvest where the desired quantity is reached. Since this is the early stage of bioprocessing, the quality of the product is of critical importance.

What are downstream activities?

Downstream operations are the processes involved in converting oil and gas into the finished product. These include refining crude oil into gasoline, natural gas liquids, diesel, and a variety of other energy sources.

What is meant by downstream processing?

Downstream processing (DSP) describes the series of operations required to take biological materials, such as cells, tissue culture fluid, or plant tissues, and derive from them a pure and homogeneous protein product.

What is dependency in Scrum?

Dependencies are the relationships between work that determine the order in which the work items (features, stories, tasks) must be completed by Agile teams.

What is FF and FS in project management?

The four main types of activity dependencies include Finish-to-Start (FS), Start-to-Start (SS), Start-to-Finish (SF), and Finish-to-Finish (FF). The following briefly describes these relationship types: Finish-to-Start (FS): The successor activity cannot start unless the predecessor activity finishes.

What are upstream and downstream activities?

Upstream operations are those in which the materials flow into the organization. Downstream operations are those in which materials (mostly in the form of finished products) flow away from the organization to the customers. Similarly, the term logistics is used when talking about a business’s supply chain.

What is upstream and downstream processing?

Upstream and downstream processing are terms predominantly used in regards to the biopharmaceutical industry. The production of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) starts with its production in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures.

How do you know if an item is upstream or downstream?

In any context where the concept of “upstream” and “downstream” is used, we can apply two simple rules to find out which item is upstream or downstream of another. If an item adds value to another or depends on it in any other way, it’s most certainly downstream.

What is downstream supply chain?

The downstream supply chain refers to activities post-manufacturing, namely distributing the product to the final customer. Downstream supply chain can also be thought of as the “demand” while upstream supply chain is the “supply.”

Is component a upstream or downstream of component B?

Component C depends on component B which in turn depends on component A. Applying the Dependency Rule, we can safely say that component A is upstream from component B which is upstream from component C (even though the arrows point in the other direction).