What is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex responsible for?

What is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex responsible for?

The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been found to be involved in superordinate control functions for various cognitive tasks such as decision making, novelty detection, working memory, conflict management, mood regulation, theory of mind processing, and timing.

What does damage to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex do?

Likewise, DLPFC is most frequently related to the dysfunction of drive, attention and motivation. Patients with minor DLPFC damage display disinterest in their surroundings and are deprived of spontaneity in language as well as behavior. Patients may also be less alert than normal to people and events they know.

Where is the dorsolateral prefrontal right cortex?

The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is a region of the frontal lobes that is most typically associated with executive functions including working memory and selective attention (Curtis & D’Esposito, 2003).

What does dorsolateral mean?

Definition of dorsolateral : of, relating to, or involving both the back and the sides.

How big is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex?

The mean ± SD DLPFC volumes were 9.23 ± 2.35 ml for the left hemisphere and 8.20 ± 2.08 ml for the right hemisphere. Our proposed method has high inter-rater reliability and is easy to implement, permitting the standardized measurement of this region for clinical research applications.

What are the major areas of the prefrontal cortex?

The PFC can be divided into two broad regions, each with a different function: the lateral PFC (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex) and the ventromedial PFC (also known as the orbitofrontal PFC).

What does the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex do?

The dmPFC is a region that acts as a conduit between cognitive control areas and affect-triggering regions and that plays a role in both generating and regulating emotion (Kober et al., 2008).

What does Disto mean in medical terms?


What is dorsolateral syndrome?

The Dorsolateral Prefrontal Syndrome or Apathetic Syndrome or Apathetic-Akinetic-Abulic Syndrome. It is the inability to manifest emotions that causes a reduced vocal, facial, and gestural expressiveness, as well as an alteration of sexual and nutritional activity.

How do you know if your prefrontal cortex is damaged?

A person with damage to the prefrontal cortex might have blunted emotional responses, for instance. They might even become more aggressive and irritable, and struggle to initiate activities. Finally, they might perform poorly on tasks that require long-term planning and impulse inhibition.

Can you repair the prefrontal cortex?

Understanding Prefrontal Cortex Damage While these issues are difficult to treat, with the right tactics it is still possible to recover many higher cognitive functions and live independently again after brain injury.

What artery supplies dorsolateral prefrontal cortex?

The PFC is supplied by the internal carotid artery which gives rise to the anterior and middle cerebral arteries.

How do you stimulate the prefrontal cortex?

How to Strengthen Your Prefrontal Cortex

  1. Games: Word games, memory games, and puzzles are effective ways to strengthen your prefrontal cortex.
  2. Learning: Learning something new, like a language, instrument, or other skill, is even more effective than word games at enhancing your prefrontal cortex.

What is Disto occlusion?

distoclusion. An improper relationship of the teeth of the upper jaw to those of the lower, in which those of the lower teeth are placed further forward than (more DISTAL to) the corresponding upper teeth.

What is an abnormal state of being without strength?

-asthenia. lack of strength. astr/o. star, star-shaped.