What is the etymology of the word chemotherapy?
The word literally means “treatment of diseases by chemicals,” from the German Chemotherapie and its roots, the scientific prefix chemo-, “chemical,” and the Greek therapeia, “healing.”
What does chemotherapy literally mean?
Definition of chemotherapy : the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer.
What does chemo mean in Latin?
chemo- a combining form with the meanings “chemical,” “chemically induced,” “chemistry,” used in the formation of compound words: chemotherapy. Also especially before elements of Latin origin, chemi-. Also especially before a vowel, chem-.
Who came up with the word chemotherapy?
DeVita Chemotherapy was first coined as a word by Paul Ehrlich, a chemist who was well known in the early 1900s. He defined it as using chemicals to treat syphilis.
What does the Latin root Troph mean?
Troph- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “nourishment.” It is used in some medical and scientific terms. Troph- is a variant of tropho-, which loses its -o– when combined with words or word elements beginning with vowels.
What does the Spanish word chemo mean?
(informal) [ˈkiːməʊ ] noun. (= chemotherapy) quimio (inf) f.
Why is chemotherapy named chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes or tumor cells. The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915).
Is chemo a prefix?
Prefix. Relating to or using chemicals or chemistry.
Who proposed modern chemotherapy concept?
Modern concepts of chemotherapy was proposed by Paul Ehrlich.
What does Troph mean in Latin and Greek?
Basic definitions of troph- and -troph They ultimately come from the Greek trophḗ, meaning “nourishment, food.” What does troph- mean? Troph- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “nourishment.” It is used in some medical and scientific terms.
What does Troph mean in Greek?
The affixes (troph and -trophy) refer to nourishment, nutrient material, or the acquisition of nourishment. It is derived from the Greek trophos, which means one who nourishes or is nourished.
What are the principles of chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy damages the genes inside the nucleus of cells. Some drugs damage cells at the point of splitting. Some damage the cells while they’re making copies of all their genes before they split. Chemotherapy is much less likely to damage cells that are at rest, such as most normal cells.
Why is it called Salvarsan 606?
Arsphenamine was originally called “606” because it was the sixth in the sixth group of compounds synthesized for testing; it was marketed by Hoechst AG under the trade name “Salvarsan” in 1910.
What does Troph mean root?
Troph- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “nourishment.” It is used in some medical and scientific terms.
What does Troph mean in anatomy?
[Gr. trophē, nourishment] Suffix. meaning nutrient material, food.
What is a Tropho?
Tropho- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “nourishment.” It is often used in scientific terms, especially in biology and zoology. Tropho- comes from the Greek trophḗ, meaning “nourishment, food.”
What is chemotherapy in pharmacology?
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body.
What is the magic bullet Paul Ehrlich?
The theory included Ehrlich’s first use of the term “magic bullet”: the concept that chemicals could be designed to bind to and kill specific microbes or tumor cells. The proposition was ridiculed by many contemporary scientists, and Ehrlich had to wait several years before being awarded the Nobel Prize for this work.
What is the medical definition of chemotherapy?
Medical Definition of chemotherapy. : the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern chemotherapy of tuberculosis …— Max Salfinger et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 Mar.
What is the origin of the word communication?
communication (n.) early 15c., “act of communicating, act of imparting, discussing, debating, conferring,” from Old French comunicacion (14c., Modern French communication) and directly from Latin communicationem (nominative communicatio) “a making common, imparting, communicating; a figure of speech,” noun of action from past-participle stem of
What is the mechanism of action of chemotherapy?
Mechanism of action. Cells from the immune system also make crucial contributions to the antitumor effects of chemotherapy. For example, the chemotherapeutic drugs oxaliplatin and cyclophosphamide can cause tumor cells to die in a way that is detectable by the immune system (called immunogenic cell death ),…
What is cytotoxic chemotherapy and how does it work?
Traditional chemotherapeutic agents are cytotoxic by means of interfering with cell division (mitosis) but cancer cells vary widely in their susceptibility to these agents. To a large extent, chemotherapy can be thought of as a way to damage or stress cells, which may then lead to cell death if apoptosis is initiated.