What is toxic synovitis?
Toxic synovitis occurs when there’s inflammation in the hip joint. The cause is unknown, but it often occurs after a viral infection. It usually only affects one hip, but it’s possible for swelling and inflammation to spread to other joints.
What are the symptoms of toxic synovitis in children?
The most common symptom of toxic synovitis is hip pain. This pain might occur on and off in one or both hips. It might flare up when your child gets up after sitting or lying down for a long time.
Does synovitis go away on its own?
This temporary inflammation of the hip can cause limping and pain in the hip and leg. This can be unpleasant for a child and unsettling for a parent — especially when symptoms start suddenly — but toxic synovitis usually goes away within a week or two, and causes no long-term problems.
What is the recurrence rate of transient synovitis (TS)?
The recurrence rate of transient synovitis is 4% to 17%; most recurrences develop within six months  Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes The diagnosis of TS is difficult because there are no specific tests.
What is the difference between septic arthritis and toxic synovitis?
Sometimes toxic synovitis can be confused with septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, a more serious condition caused by a bacterial infection that invades the joints and can cause long-term joint damage. Doctors can rule out septic arthritis or other conditions through a physical exam and diagnostic tests.
How is toxic synovitis diagnosed in children?
Aside from the hip discomfort, the child does not usually appear ill. Toxic synovitis is diagnosed when other more serious conditions have been ruled out, such as: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (separation of the ball of the hip joint from the thigh bone, or femur)
What is transient synovitis of the hip?
Introduction Transient synovitis (TS) is an acute, non-specific, inflammatory process affecting the joint synovium. TS of the hip is a common cause of hip pain in the pediatric patient population.